Kronos And Zeus Zeus wird von den Kyklopen den Hekatoncheiren, Styx und seiner Mutter Rhea unterstützt.
Kronos (altgriechisch Κρόνος Krónos) ist in der griechischen Mythologie der jüngste Sohn der Gaia (Erde) und des Uranos (Himmel), Anführer der Titanen und Vater von Zeus. Die alten Götter, die Titanen, kämpfen geführt von Kronos lange vor der Entstehung der Menschheit vom Berg Othrys her mit Zeus und seinen anderen. Kronos wurde von einigen anderen Titanen, namentlich Iapetos und Koios, unterstützt, die dafür nach dem Sturz des Kronos von Zeus in den Tartaros verbannt. Zeus, der zum Mann herangewachsen war, wollte Kronos stürzen und selbst Herr der Welt werden. Dazu brauchte er aber seine Geschwister, weshalb er Kronos. Später, als Erwachsener, gelang es Zeus, seinen Vater nicht nur dazu zu bringen, sämtliche Geschwister wieder auszuspucken, sondern Kronos gleichzeitig.
Auch die Hundertarmigen, welche Zeus aus dem Tartaros befreite, verbündeten sich gegen Kronos. Zeus und seine Geschwister gewannen den Krieg, aber. Später, als Erwachsener, gelang es Zeus, seinen Vater nicht nur dazu zu bringen, sämtliche Geschwister wieder auszuspucken, sondern Kronos gleichzeitig. Zeus, der zum Mann herangewachsen war, wollte Kronos stürzen und selbst Herr der Welt werden. Dazu brauchte er aber seine Geschwister, weshalb er Kronos.
Uranus drew the enmity of Cronus's mother, Gaia , when he hid the gigantic youngest children of Gaia, the hundred-handed Hecatoncheires and one-eyed Cyclopes , in Tartarus , so that they would not see the light.
Gaia created a great stone sickle and gathered together Cronus and his brothers to persuade them to castrate Uranus. Only Cronus was willing to do the deed, so Gaia gave him the sickle and placed him in ambush.
From the blood that spilled out from Uranus and fell upon the earth, the Gigantes , Erinyes , and Meliae were produced.
The testicles produced a white foam from which the goddess Aphrodite emerged. For this, Uranus threatened vengeance and called his sons Titenes [a] for overstepping their boundaries and daring to commit such an act.
After dispatching Uranus, Cronus re-imprisoned the Hecatoncheires, and the Cyclopes and set the dragon Campe to guard them.
He and his older sister Rhea took the throne of the world as king and queen. The period in which Cronus ruled was called the Golden Age , as the people of the time had no need for laws or rules; everyone did the right thing, and immorality was absent.
Cronus learned from Gaia and Uranus that he was destined to be overcome by his own sons, just as he had overthrown his father.
As a result, although he sired the gods Demeter , Hestia , Hera , Hades and Poseidon by Rhea, he devoured them all as soon as they were born to prevent the prophecy.
When the sixth child, Zeus , was born Rhea sought Gaia to devise a plan to save them and to eventually get retribution on Cronus for his acts against his father and children.
Rhea secretly gave birth to Zeus in Crete , and handed Cronus a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes, also known as the Omphalos Stone, which he promptly swallowed, thinking that it was his son.
Rhea kept Zeus hidden in a cave on Mount Ida, Crete. According to some versions of the story, he was then raised by a goat named Amalthea , while a company of Kouretes , armored male dancers, shouted and clapped their hands to make enough noise to mask the baby's cries from Cronus.
Other versions of the myth have Zeus raised by the nymph Adamanthea , who hid Zeus by dangling him by a rope from a tree so that he was suspended between the earth, the sea, and the sky, all of which were ruled by his father, Cronus.
Still other versions of the tale say that Zeus was raised by his grandmother, Gaia. Once he had grown up, Zeus used an emetic given to him by Gaia to force Cronus to disgorge the contents of his stomach in reverse order: first the stone, which was set down at Pytho under the glens of Mount Parnassus to be a sign to mortal men, and then his two brothers and three sisters.
In other versions of the tale, Metis gave Cronus an emetic to force him to disgorge the children. After freeing his siblings, Zeus released the Hecatoncheires, and the Cyclopes who forged for him his thunderbolts, Poseidon's trident and Hades' helmet of darkness.
In a vast war called the Titanomachy , Zeus and his older brothers and older sisters, with the help of the Hecatoncheires and Cyclopes, overthrew Cronus and the other Titans.
Afterwards, many of the Titans were confined in Tartarus. Gaia bore the monster Typhon to claim revenge for the imprisoned Titans. Accounts of the fate of Cronus after the Titanomachy differ.
In Homeric and other texts he is imprisoned with the other Titans in Tartarus. In Orphic poems, he is imprisoned for eternity in the cave of Nyx.
Pindar describes his release from Tartarus, where he is made King of Elysium by Zeus. In another version, [ citation needed ] the Titans released the Cyclopes from Tartarus, and Cronus was awarded the kingship among them, beginning a Golden Age.
In Virgil 's Aeneid ,  it is Latium to which Saturn Cronus escapes and ascends as king and lawgiver, following his defeat by his son Jupiter Zeus.
One other account referred by Robert Graves ,  who claims to be following the account of the Byzantine mythographer Tzetzes , it is said that Cronus was castrated by his son Zeus just like he had done with his father Uranus before.
However the subject of a son castrating his own father, or simply castration in general, was so repudiated by the Greek mythographers of that time that they suppressed it from their accounts until the Christian era when Tzetzes wrote.
Ammon, a king of Libya , married Rhea 3. However, Rhea abandoned Ammon and married her younger brother Cronus.
Cronus ruled harshly and Cronus in turn was defeated by Ammon's son Dionysus 3. Dionysus and Zeus then joined their forces to defeat the remaining Titans in Crete, and on the death of Dionysus, Zeus inherited all the kingdoms, becoming lord of the world 3.
Cronus is mentioned in the Sibylline Oracles , particularly in book three, which makes Cronus, 'Titan' and Iapetus , the three sons of Uranus and Gaia, each to receive a third division of the Earth, and Cronus is made king over all.
After the death of Uranus, Titan's sons attempt to destroy Cronus's and Rhea's male offspring as soon as they are born, but at Dodona , Rhea secretly bears her sons Zeus, Poseidon and Hades and sends them to Phrygia to be raised in the care of three Cretans.
Upon learning this, sixty of Titan's men then imprison Cronus and Rhea, causing the sons of Cronus to declare and fight the first of all wars against them.
This account mentions nothing about Cronus either killing his father or attempting to kill any of his children. Cronus was said to be the father of the wise centaur Chiron by the Oceanid Philyra , who was subsequently transformed into a linden tree.
Two other sons of Cronus and Philyra may have been Dolops  and Aphrus, the ancestor and eponym of the Aphroi, i. In some accounts, Cronus was also called the father of the Corybantes.
During antiquity, Cronus was occasionally interpreted as Chronos , the personification of time. In addition to the name, the story of Cronus eating his children was also interpreted as an allegory to a specific aspect of time held within Cronus' sphere of influence.
As the theory went, Cronus represented the destructive ravages of time which devoured all things, a concept that was illustrated when the Titan king ate the Olympian gods — the past consuming the future, the older generation suppressing the next generation.
During the Renaissance , the identification of Cronus and Chronos gave rise to " Father Time " wielding the harvesting scythe.
English shear , motivated by Cronus's characteristic act of "cutting the sky" or the genitals of anthropomorphic Uranus. The Indo-Iranian reflex of the root is kar , generally meaning "to make, create" whence karma , but Janda argues that the original meaning "to cut" in a cosmogonic sense is still preserved in some verses of the Rigveda pertaining to Indra 's heroic "cutting", like that of Cronus resulting in creation:.
RV In the Song of Ullikummi , Teshub uses the "sickle with which heaven and earth had once been separated" to defeat the monster Ullikummi,  establishing that the "castration" of the heavens by means of a sickle was part of a creation myth , in origin a cut creating an opening or gap between heaven imagined as a dome of stone and earth enabling the beginning of time chronos and human history.
When Greek writers encountered the Semitic deity El , they rendered his name as Cronus. When Hellenes encountered Phoenicians and, later, Hebrews, they identified the Semitic El , by interpretatio graeca , with Cronus.
The association was recorded c. This version gives his alternate name as Elus or Ilus , and states that in the 32nd year of his reign, he emasculated, slew and deified his father Epigeius or Autochthon "whom they afterwards called Uranus".
It further states that after ships were invented, Cronus, visiting the 'inhabitable world', bequeathed Attica to his own daughter Athena , and Egypt to Taautus the son of Misor and inventor of writing.
Have you ever wondered how Zeus became the King of the Gods? This is due to the fact that he heard a prophecy before his children were born. To try to prevent his children from rising up against them, he swallowed them whole.
Zeus was spared from this fate, however, because Rhea tricked Kronos by getting him to swallow a rock, instead. In other words, the father feared being replaced by one of his sons.
Eventually, we understand that Zeus became his replacement. Once Zeus learned about what became of his siblings, he knew he had to do something about that.
He understood that if he were to unseat the Titans and gain control, he would need his siblings as his allies. To get his siblings back, Zeus gave Kronos mead that had been laced with a drug.
He began throwing up everything he swallowed, including the stone that was supposed to have been Zeus. He threw the stone, and then the five siblings, up.
Kronos and Rhea were the King and Queen of the Titans. Once Zeus was reunited with his siblings, they agreed that he was unfit to rule and decided to fight for control of the gods.